By Pradyot Patnaik

ISBN-10: 047013495X

ISBN-13: 9780470134955

ISBN-10: 0471714585

ISBN-13: 9780471714583

The definitive consultant to the dangerous homes of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their harmful houses, A entire consultant to the detrimental houses of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. therefore, it bridges the space among harmful fabrics and chemistry. largely up-to-date and increased, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, business solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, masking every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges damaging chemical compounds based on their chemical buildings and practical teams for simple reference
  • comprises up-to-date info at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive houses of chemical compounds
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the brink publicity limits within the place of work air for a few ingredients
  • positive aspects the newest details on commercial solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • comprises a variety of tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference

since it presents info that permits people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish exams with no earlier facts, this accomplished reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat pros, and others in comparable fields.Content:
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic (pages 103–114):
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral (pages 115–126):
Chapter three Acids, Peroxy (pages 127–133):
Chapter four Alcohols (pages 134–159):
Chapter five Aldehydes (pages 160–192):
Chapter 6 Alkalies (pages 193–199):
Chapter 7 Alkaloids (pages 200–234):
Chapter eight Amines, Aliphatic (pages 235–250):
Chapter nine Amines, fragrant (pages 251–268):
Chapter 10 Asbestos (pages 269–276):
Chapter eleven Azo Dyes (pages 277–285):
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins (pages 286–293):
Chapter thirteen Cyanides, natural (Nitriles) (pages 294–316):
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic (pages 317–335):
Chapter 15 Dioxin and comparable Compounds (pages 336–347):
Chapter sixteen Epoxy Compounds (pages 348–369):
Chapter 17 Esters (pages 370–389):
Chapter 18 Ethers (pages 390–401):
Chapter 19 Gases, universal poisonous, and Flammable (pages 402–409):
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers (pages 410–424):
Chapter 21 Haloethers (pages 425–437):
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons (pages 438–469):
Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds (pages 470–483):
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds (pages 484–495):
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic (pages 496–515):
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, fragrant (pages 516–536):
Chapter 27 commercial Solvents (pages 537–550):
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, natural (pages 551–567):
Chapter 29 Ketones (pages 568–591):
Chapter 30 steel Acetylides and Fulminates (pages 592–597):
Chapter 31 steel Alkoxides (pages 598–601):
Chapter 32 steel Alkyls (pages 602–612):
Chapter 33 steel Azides (pages 613–621):
Chapter 34 steel Carbonyls (pages 622–629):
Chapter 35 steel Hydrides (pages 630–642):
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive (pages 643–649):
Chapter 37 Metals, poisonous (pages 650–668):
Chapter 38 Mustard fuel and Sulfur Mustards (pages 669–673):
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases (pages 674–690):
Chapter forty Nitro Explosives (pages 691–703):
Chapter forty-one Oxidizers (pages 704–714):
Chapter forty two Particulates (pages 715–718):
Chapter forty three Peroxides, natural (pages 719–740):
Chapter forty four insecticides and Herbicides: type, constitution, and research (pages 741–745):
Chapter forty five insecticides, Carbamate (pages 746–761):
Chapter forty six insecticides, Organochlorine (pages 762–781):
Chapter forty seven insecticides, Organophosphorus (pages 782–803):
Chapter forty eight Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid (pages 804–810):
Chapter forty nine Herbicides, Triazine (pages 811–816):
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea (pages 817–820):
Chapter fifty one Phenols (pages 821–833):
Chapter fifty two Phosphorus and Its Compounds (pages 834–853):
Chapter fifty three Polychlorinated Biphenyls (pages 854–862):
Chapter fifty four Radon and Radioactive elements (pages 863–866):
Chapter fifty five Sulfate Esters (pages 867–871):
Chapter fifty six Sulfur?Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) (pages 872–881):
Chapter fifty seven Miscellaneous components (pages 882–898):

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Additional resources for A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition

Sample text

Such substances include gases, vapors of volatile liquids, and particulate matter. The main site of absorption is the alveoli in the lungs. This site has a large alveolar area and high blood flow, favoring absorption. The rate of absorption of such gaseous substances, however, depends on their solubility in the blood. The more soluble the substance, the greater its absorption. 01–10 µm and the liquid aerosols, are also susceptible to absorption in the lung. 01 µm can be exhaled out. By contrast, particles >10 µm are deposited in the nose and do not enter into the respiratory tract.

The types of liver injury from such biochemical reactions include steatosis (fatty liver), liver necrosis, cirrhosis, cholestasis, hepatitis, and carcinogenesis. The toxicants that cause these injuries are discussed in brief. Steatosis, also known as fatty liver, results from the accumulation of excess lipid (more than 5% lipid by weight) in the liver. Many chemicals can cause this, and the lesions can be either acute or chronic. Ethanol is a classic example, causing both acute and chronic lesions.

Most alkaline metal salts are also water soluble. Every substance is soluble to some extent. Even the so-called insoluble salt may exhibit slight solubility at the ppm level. The solubility of a salt in water may be readily calculated from its solubility product constant (KSP ) value. The higher the KSP , the greater the solubility. The KSP for salts may be found in any standard handbook of chemistry. The following solved problems show how to calculate solubility of any inorganic salt in water: Problem 1.

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A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition by Pradyot Patnaik

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