By Oliver Edwards
The chilly conflict is an unlimited and intricate subject in fresh foreign historical past. the writer of this name has delineated the function of the U.S. from the worldwide clash, so as to concentration upon the causes, direction and results of yank coverage. techniques corresponding to "containment", "roll again" and "massive retaliation" are deconstructed in a transparent and concise demeanour. diplomacy are tested as responses to US activities, allowing scholars to acquire a coherent review of America's involvement on the planet guidelines of the interval and delivering them with solutions to complicated questions which require big actual wisdom.
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Extra info for Access to History. The USA and the Cold War 1945-63
Containment was the governing principle of American policy towards the Soviet Union in the Cold War. It is important to understand the meaning of the term. The aims of containment are examined. There is then a full discussion of the measures taken by the United States to check the expansion of communism both in Europe and in Asia during the opening phase of the Cold War. Finally it is important to construct a balance-sheet, weighing the successes of containment in this period against its failures.
A communist Soviet Union was inevitably expansionist and hostile to the West. Kennan’s ‘Long Telegram’ was well received in Washington. Secretary of State James Byrnes described it as a ‘splendid analysis’ and hundreds of copies were circulated within the administration. Truman also embraced Kennan’s thinking. Kennan’s ideas appealed to him for a number of reasons. The new president had earnestly tried to carry forward Roosevelt’s policy of co-operation with the Soviets, but instinctively he had always been more anti-Soviet than his predecessor.
America now turned its attention to western Europe, the area of the world seen as most susceptible to Soviet inﬂuence and as the most important theatre in the Cold War. On 5 June 1947 Secretary of State George Marshall announced a massive programme of economic assistance for the countries of western Europe. It was known as the Marshall Plan and proposed large dollar grants which western European states would use to purchase food, raw materials and industrial machinery in the United States. Marshall Plan 45 1 5 10 15 20 I need not tell you, gentlemen, that the world situation is very serious.
Access to History. The USA and the Cold War 1945-63 by Oliver Edwards