By Genevieve Prevost (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0123747929

ISBN-13: 9780123747921

Extensive reports were carried out on numerous parasitoid species, and just about all assorted methods of the biology of parasitoids were, at least one time, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila. initially, this actual curiosity for species parasitizing Drosophila hosts has been inspired by means of the outstanding wisdom now we have on Drosophila species themselves, and especially on D. melanogaster. profiting from this information, the study performed on Drosophila parasitoids have lined very diverse themes, resembling physiological and immunity relationships with hosts, copy techniques, the function of symbiotic micro-organisms, behavioural and chemical ecology, genetics, inhabitants dynamics, evolutionary biology, the various ways of which together with box surveys and laboratory experiments. consequently, we now make the most of a very significant and prolonged wisdom of the biology (and additionally biochemistry, molecular genetics, .) of those parasitoid species normally belonging to Braconidae and Cynipidae Hymenoptera, and in their relationships with their Drosophila hosts.

Extensive experiences were carried out on a variety of parasitoid species, and just about all varied techniques of the biology of parasitoids were, once or more, studied on parasitoids of Drosophila.

There is

This e-book synthesizes different fields of study that can be explored because of the "Drosophila parasitoid" version. It shows how the complementary wisdom bobbing up from varied methods is inspiring the improvement of latest parts of study in this organic version. it is going to additionally record recommendations and strategies in particular tailored to the examine of larval parasitoid species.

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Traits other than egg load or total offspring count such as preimaginal development time, growth rate body size, adult longevity or fat reserve are also influenced by developmental host species (Eijs and van Alphen, 1999). Using a wider host range, we compared the influence of the five sympatric Drosophila species potentially used as a host by L. heterotoma in the southeast of France (21  C, photoperiod LD 16:8). Under experimental condition, survival of all host species is high but they differ in size with the following order using D.

Melanogaster and D. , 1993). The fact that L. boulardi responds also to odor of nonhost species suggests common compounds in odor blend emanating from host and nonhost species. , 1992). 2. Host patch exploitation Once potential host batches are successfully localized, Drosophila parasitoids need to select suitable preys, that is, species of its host range and healthy larvae. Drosophila parasitoids exhibit a species-specific searching strategy to localize host larvae that classically involves the use of hostinduced vibrations transmitted by the substrate (vibrotaxis), ovipositor searching (walking while probing), antennal searching and local arrestment to perceive high concentration of kairomones (van Dijken and van Alphen, 1998; Vet and Bakker, 1985; Vet and van Alphen, 1985).

Kuntzei, D. melanogaster, D. obscura, D. phalerata, D. simulans, D. subobscura and D. , 1986; Janssen, 1989; Jenni, 1951; Ris, personal observations). To date, determinants of this large host range are not precisely known but it should be hypothesized that this relies on the ability of L. , 2007) or its ability to cope with qualitatively and quantitatively different host resources. A. tabida is considered rather as a specialist species attacking D. subobscura, D. obscura and D. melanogaster mainly, but can also develop on D.

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Advances in Parasitology by Genevieve Prevost (Eds.)

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